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Wildlife and habitat restoration

The 2019-20 bushfires took a severe toll on Australia’s native wildlife and their habitats.

More than 330 threatened and migratory species were in the path of the fires. This resulted in damage to population numbers and habitats. 

The Australian Government is investing $200 million into the recovery of native wildlife and habitats. This investment will help secure the future of treasured native animals. This includes the koala, Kangaroo Island Dunnart and Northern Corroboree Frog, as well as unique plants such as the Wollemi Pine, Monga Waratah and Gippsland Bottlebrush.

The Australian Government is partnering with key stakeholders to ensure locally-led recovery.

These stakeholders include:

  • State and local governments
  • Indigenous communities
  • Scientists
  • Zoos
  • Landcare groups
  • Non-government organisations
  • Local communities

Important work is happening across bushfire-affected regions, giving our plants and wildlife the best chance at long-term recovery. This includes work on the ground, as well as vital research and planning.

$200 million for native wildlife and habitat recovery

This funding includes:

  • An initial $50 million investment for urgent intervention. This funding was made available from January 2020. It has provided emergency support for wildlife and their habitats. 
  • A further $150 million investment to support the long-term recovery of our native animals and plants. This funding has been made available over the next two years.

The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment administers this funding.

Threatened Species Commissioner Dr Sally Box is leading a panel of experts to assist in prioritising recovery actions to support impacted animals, plants, and ecosystems. The panel advises the Australian Government on the medium and long term responses required to support the recovery of Australia’s environment.

Bushfire Immediate Wildlife Rescue and Recovery

The initial $50 million funding has two streams:

$25 million for emergency intervention

This funding focuses on the immediate survival of affected animals, plants, ecological communities, and to control pests and weeds. The fund includes: 

$25 million to support wildlife rescue, zoos, Natural Resource Management groups, Greening Australia, and Conservation Volunteers Australia with their activities on the ground

This funding includes:

  • up to $7 million for Natural Resource Management groups in bushfire-affected areas. Groups are carrying out emergency interventions, including control of feral predators, pest animals and weeds. This will also include habitat protection measures (such as fencing and nest boxes).
  • up to $7.5 million to support wildlife rescue, protection, and care services on the ground. This includes $1 million for the Foundation for National Parks and Wildlife through their Wildlife Heroes Program.
  • up to $5 million for Greening Australia to increase supply of seed and native plants for revegetation.
  • $1 million each for Taronga Zoo, Zoos South Australia and Zoos Victoria for the treatment of injured wildlife. Funds are also being used to establish insurance populations of at-risk species. This is in addition to the $3 million to support Queensland Koala Hospitals (committed in late 2019) and the $3 million for koala habitat restoration in northern NSW and south-east QLD.
  • up to $2.5 million Conservation Volunteers Australia to mobilise volunteers through a national coordination point.

Bushfire Recovery for Species and Landscapes

The $150 million will target action on the ground across bushfire-affected regions and heritage places. The funding will work to prevent extinction and limit the decline of native species, help communities and land managers roll-out crucial recovery projects, update conservation plans for threatened species, and track the recovery effort. This includes:

  • $110 million for strategic recovery activities on the ground including preventing species decline, controlling feral animal and weeds, revegetation and regeneration, protecting refuges, and landscape management. 
  • $28 million towards further scientific assessment and planning for our most-at risk species.
  • A $10 million Bushfire Recovery for Wildlife and Habitat Community Grants Program will support communities to undertake on-ground recovery actions that benefit their local environment. Grants from $5,000 to $150,000 are available, with community and conservation groups, Indigenous organisations, and local governments all eligible to apply. Applications are now open and close 27 November 2020. Further information, including the guidelines, is available at: business.gov.au/brwhc
  • A $2 million Indigenous Fire and Land Management Workshops Program will provide opportunities for Traditional Owners to share knowledge and build understanding of traditional fire and land management practices throughout Australia. Grants from $20,000 to $200,000 are available to Traditional Owners, Indigenous organisations and Indigenous enterprises only. Applications open on 2 November and close 10 December 2020. Further information on the guidelines can be found here www.business.gov.au/IFLM

Further information

For more information, visit the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment website. 

Resources available include:

How to help injured or orphaned wildlife

See the list of contact details for animal welfare charities. These accept tax deductible donations to support the bushfire relief or recovery efforts.

If you come across injured or orphaned wildlife, follow the advice of registered wildlife carer organisations.

If it is safe to do so, wrap the injured animal loosely in 100 per cent cotton fabric. Place it gently in a ventilated box and contact your nearest veterinarian or wildlife carer organisation.

There are some practical ways you can ease the stress on wildlife, regardless of whether you’re in a fire-affected area. These include leaving water dishes and buckets around your garden or property in shaded areas, and keeping domestic pets away from native animals.

State and territory contact details for injured wildlife are:

Australian Capital Territory

RSPCA ACT at www.rspca-act.org.au/contact-injured-wildlife on (02) 6287 8100 (business hours)

ACT Wildlife at www.actwildlife.net on 0432 300 033 (24 hours)

For injured kangaroos call 13 22 81

New South Wales

WIRES (Wildlife Information Rescue and Education Service) at www.wires.org.au on 1300 094 737

NSW Wildlife Council has a list of wildlife rescue groups in NSW

Northern Territory

Wildcare at wildcareinc.com.au or 08 89 886 121 or 0408 885 341

Ark Aid at thearkvet.com/wildlife-rescue

Northern Territory Government at nt.gov.au/environment/animals/report-injured-wildlife-or-rescue


RSPCA Queensland at www.rspcaqld.org.au/what-we-do/care-for-animals/wildlife-hospital or on 1300 264 625

Wildcare Australia at wildcare.org.au or on 07 5527 2444

South Australia

RSPCA SA on 1300 477 722

Fauna Rescue at www.faunarescue.org.au or on 08 8289 0896


Wildlife Management Branch at dpipwe.tas.gov.au/wildlife-management or on 1300 827 727


Wildlife Victoria at www.wildlifevictoria.org.au or on 03 8400 7300

Western Australia

Wildcare at www.wildcare.com.au or on (08) 9474 9055